Kalyazin bell tower will ring again
Funds for the restoration of the belfry and the manufacture of four new bells, in addition to the existing two, were collected by a group of concerned citizens and parishioners of the Ascension Church.
According to the plan of the project organizers, thanks to six different bells, it will be possible to reproduce any chimes in accordance with the solemnity of the holiday and the talent of the bell ringer.
Kalyazin is equidistant from Moscow and Tver 190 km. As a small posad known since the XII century. Lined up on both banks of the Volga. On the one hand – Makarievsky Posad, which belongs to the XV century. The Trinity Makaryev Monastery brought fame to this territory. On the other – the landing of Nikola on Zhabne. Here was located Nikolo-Zhabensky monastery. In the 18th century, the monastery was abolished and subsequently, the Nicholas Cathedral was erected in its place. By the 18th century, both parts became the city of Kalyazin. The bell tower of this Nicholas Cathedral is the little that survived when in 1936-1940s most of the city and about forty settlements of the district were flooded during the construction of the Uglich hydroelectric station and the creation of a reservoir. Nicholas Cathedral itself was dismantled, and the 74-meter bell tower was retained as a beacon and landmark for passing by loaded ships – this is where the Volga makes a sharp turn. The bell tower has five tiers, the lower of which was underwater. In the 1970s, the building tilted and began to talk about its demolition. However, in the end, they decided to leave the bell tower as an architectural monument: the foundation was strengthened, an artificial embankment was erected at the foot. On the riverbank, there are several moorings, from which the excursion boats leave directly to the flooded bell tower. In the summer, there are regular prayers. At the foot, built an artificial mound.
In addition to the bell tower in Kalyazin, you can see a few surviving quarters with buildings of the XVIII-XIX centuries – you can try to imagine what the city looked like before the flooding. The Ascension Church of 1787 was built – a five-domed church with facades of chapels decorated in eclectic style with pseudo-gothic elements – and the Holy Vvedenskaya church, built-in 1882 with the money of merchant Ivan Okhlobystin. In the building of the former Epiphany Church built-in 1781, the local history museum is located. With a guided tour (by prior arrangement), you can look at the production of the Kalyazin factory of felted shoes – felt boots, to put it simply. Two kilometers from the city center is the estate of the local priest Ivan Stepanovich Belyustin, a spiritual writer, publicist, local historian, and head of the Nicholas Cathedral. The house was built in the 1830s, rebuilt at the end of the XIX century. The restoration was carried out, the interiors were restored, the collection of icons was presented at the exhibition.
On the outskirts of the city in the direction of Uglich, you can see the striking 64-meter radio telescope of the Kalyazin Radio Astronomy Observatory of the Astro-Cosmic Center of the Physical Institute. Pn Lebedev, Russian Academy of Sciences (KRAO ASC LPI), established in 2001.